Term 2 – Week 9

Big Idea – God chose David to be king according to his own heart, not according to what he looked like.   

1 Samuel 16

Lesson Background

This unit of work is an overview of the Old Testament from creation in Genesis 1 up to God’s promise to King David in 2 Samuel 7.  The theme for the unit is: God always keeps His Promises.

God’s people are in God’s place under His rule, and the Israelites said to Joshua, ‘We will serve the Lord our God and obey him’ (Josh 24:24). But it didn’t take long for the Israelites to serve other gods and disobey him. In 1 Samuel 8, the Israelites cried, ‘We want a King like all the other nations,’ but in doing so they rejected God their loving King who made everything, the one who rescued them from slavery and brought them into the Promised Land. God granted their request and eventually showed them the folly of their request by placing them under the poor leadership of Saul. Saul was the people’s king – chosen by the people for the people.

1 Samuel 16:

‘Despite a promising start as king, Saul disobeyed God and rejected God’s word, so God rejected him as king. 

God said to Samuel, ‘Fill your horn with oil and be on your way; I am sending you to Jesse of Bethlehem for I have chosen one of his sons to be king’ (v.1). So, Samuel goes to Bethlehem to see Jesse and his family.  When Samuel saw Jesse’s eldest son Eliab, he thought, ‘Surely the Lord’s anointed stands here before the Lord’ (v.6), but he was not the one and nor was his six other brothers. In fact, it was revealed to Samuel that it was Jesse’s youngest son David, the shepherd boy, who was to be anointed as king. He seemed an unlikely choice compared with his older and physically stronger brothers, but God gently reminds Samuel that while people look at outward appearances, He looks at the heart (v.7). Thus, David was anointed as king (although this was unknown to Saul) and from then on, the Spirit of the Lord was with David and stayed with him throughout the rest of his life (v.13).

1 Samuel 16:7 is key to understanding the story of David, and yet sadly, it’s most often misread and therefore misapplied. Here is a misreading of verse 7: David’s outward appearance and young age may not fit with the cultural standard of a king, but God saw David’s heart. God’s choice was not based on visible characteristics, but rather on the invisible heart-character. But here the thing to note, verse 7 isn’t talking about David’s heart, but rather it’s talking about God’s heart. The difference between Saul and David is not David’s own godliness or heart-character, because we know David was a sinner just like Saul (2 Sam 11-12). No, it’s that God chose David according to his own heart. Saul was the Peoples King, chosen by the people for the people, based on his looks. David was God’s King, chosen by God for God himself, according to God’s own heart. This means God chose David according to his own perfect will. He chose David to be the one through whom God would bring about all his plans and purposes for Israel and the world. This would be fulfilled when, through the House of David, God sent Jesus Christ, the King of kings, to rule and save the world, in order to bring all God’s people, to God’s place under God’ rule.


The children will know that David is God chosen king.  

The children will appreciate that God would fix the problem of sin and bring people back into a relationship with him through David. The children will give thanks to God for Jesus, God’s chosen King.


My God is so Big (Colin Buchanan – Remember the Lord)

Memory Verse

He said, “I am the Lord, the Lord. I am the God who is tender and kind. I am gracious.

I am slow to get angry. I am faithful and full of love….

But I do not let guilty people go unpunished.


Exodus 34:6-7

Leaders PDF

this has been put together using purchased external material and therefore this resource may only be used by Dundonald Church. For more information please contact natasha.small@dundonald.org

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Dundonald Kids

Dundonald Kids is the team led by our Children's Minister Natasha Small that aims to partner with parents in growing young disciples of Christ.

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