Term 2 – Week 10

Big Idea – God chose David to be king according to his own heart, not according to what he looked like.   

1 Samuel 17

Lesson Background

This unit of work is an overview of the Old Testament from creation in Genesis 1 up to God’s promise to King David in 2 Samuel 7.  The theme for the unit is: God always keeps His Promises.

God’s people are in God’s place under His rule, and the Israelites said to Joshua, ‘We will serve the Lord our God and obey him’ (Josh 24:24). But it didn’t take long for the Israelites to serve other gods and disobey him. In 1 Samuel 8, the Israelites cried, ‘We want a King like all the other nations,’ but in doing so they rejected God their loving King who made everything, the one who rescued them from slavery and brought them into the Promised Land. God granted their request and eventually showed them the folly of their request by placing them under the poor leadership of Saul. Saul was the people’s king – chosen by the people for the people. God raised up a new king to lead the Israelites, he was as shepherd boy called David. God chose David to be king according to his own heart, not according to what he looked like. David was God’s king, chosen by God for God.

1 Samuel 17:

Last week we met the shepherd boy David who was anointed by Samuel and filled with God’s Spirit (1 Sam 16:13). He is the Lord’s King – chosen by God for God. Now in 1 Samuel 17 we see the contrast between these two kings as the Philistines go up against the Israelites. Saul was dismayed and terrified (v.11), and failed to accomplish his mission as the king (1 Sam 8:20, 9:16), whereas David was courageous & confident, and accomplished the mission of the king.

Here’s the story: One day, the Philistine army assembled for war against Israel. King Saul and the Israelites lined up on one hillside, while the great warrior Goliath, who was 9 feet, 9 inches tall and the Philistines army lined up on the opposite hillside. Goliath shouted to the Israelites every day, ‘choose a man to come and fight me’, but no one did, not even the king. They were all ‘dismayed and terrified’. Then along came David, the shepherd boy, who expressed to king Saul his willingness to fight and recounts to Saul the times he had fought lions and bears to protect his sheep. Yet, David was under no illusion about the source of his strength, for in his speech he attributes his victory to the Lord. He declares, ‘The LORD who rescued me from the paw of the lion and the paw of the bear will rescue me from the hand of this Philistine.’ David trusted in the Lord; he was courageous.

King Saul let David fight Goliath on behalf of God’s people, without armour. David, fighting in the name of the Lord, killed Goliath. David trusted in the Lord and the Lord gave him the victory, thus delivering His people from the hands of the Philistines. The Philistines then fled and the Israelites gave chase. God delivered his people that day from their enemies through one man – David, the Lord’s king – who accomplished the mission of the king. The big takeaway for us today from David and Goliath is not that if we trust God we can win all our battles. In this story, we shouldn’t identify with David. We are like the Israelites – dismayed and terrified by our mortal enemies of sin, Satan and death! But we see the Lord’s (anointed, Spirit-filled) King courageously fight on our behalf – Jesus on the cross. He didn’t just risk his life – he gave his life! On that day, God delivered his people from their enemies through one man – Jesus – who accomplished his mission as the King of Kings by defeating sin, Satan and death.


The children will know that David is God chosen God.

The children will appreciate that God rescued the Israelites from Goliath and the Philistine army through the shepherd boy David risking his own life. The children will give thanks to God for Jesus, who is God’s chosen King of Kings, who rescues us from sin and death by risking his own life on the cross.


My God is so Big (Colin Buchanan – Remember the Lord)

Memory Verse

He said, “I am the Lord, the Lord. I am the God who is tender and kind. I am gracious.

I am slow to get angry. I am faithful and full of love….

But I do not let guilty people go unpunished.


Exodus 34:6-7

Leaders PDF

this has been put together using purchased external material and therefore this resource may only be used by Dundonald Church. For more information please contact natasha.small@dundonald.org

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Dundonald Kids

Dundonald Kids is the team led by our Children's Minister Natasha Small that aims to partner with parents in growing young disciples of Christ.

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