Term 1 – Week 5
Big Idea – God delivered the Israelites from the hands of the Philistines through David.
1 Samuel 17
- To know that David is the Lord’s king, chosen by God and for the God.
- To understand that God rescued the Israelites from Goliath and the Philistine army through the shepherd boy David risking his own life.
- To appreciate that when David fought Goliath, he trusted God and accomplished the mission of the king.
- Belief (Head / Heart) – Do we believe that Jesus, like David, trusted God and risked his own life (even dying on the cross) and rose victorious over the enemies of sin, death and Satan?
- Behaviour (Hands) – Because Jesus has already won the battle on the cross, we can follow him into the battle and fight sin
We have met king Saul, the People’s King – chosen by the people for the people. God rejected him as king because he rejected the word of the Lord. Last week we met the shepherd boy David who was anointed by Samuel and filled with God’s Spirit (1 Sam 16:13). He is the Lord’s King – chosen by God for God. Now in 1 Samuel 17 we see the contrast between these two kings as the Philistines go up against the Israelites. Saul was dismayed and terrified (v.11), and failed to accomplish his mission as the king (1 Sam 8:20, 9:16), whereas David was courageous & confident, and accomplished the mission of the king.
Here’s the story: One day, the Philistine army assembled for war against Israel. King Saul and the Israelites lined up on one hillside, while the great warrior Goliath, who was 9 feet, 9 inches tall and the Philistines army lined up on the opposite hillside. Goliath shouted to the Israelites every day, ‘choose a man to come and fight me’, but no one did, not even the king. They were all ‘dismayed and terrified’. Then along came David, the shepherd boy, who expressed to king Saul his willingness to fight and recounts to Saul the times he had fought lions and bears to protect his sheep. Yet, David was under no illusion about the source of his strength, for in his speech he attributes his victory to the Lord. He declares, ‘The LORD who rescued me from the paw of the lion and the paw of the bear will rescue me from the hand of this Philistine.’ David trusted in the Lord; he was courageous.
King Saul let David fight Goliath on behalf of God’s people, without armour. David, fighting in the name of the Lord, killed Goliath. David trusted in the Lord and the Lord gave him the victory, thus delivering His people from the hands of the Philistines. The Philistines then fled and the Israelites gave chase. God delivered his people that day from their enemies through one man – David, the Lord’s king – who accomplished the mission of the king.
The big takeaway for us today from David and Goliath is not that if we trust God we can win all our battles. In this story, we shouldn’t identify with David. We are like the Israelites – dismayed and terrified by our mortal enemies of sin, Satan and death! But we see the Lord’s (anointed, Spirit-filled) King courageously fight on our behalf – Jesus on the cross. He didn’t just risk his life – he gave his life! On that day, God delivered his people from their enemies through one man – Jesus – who accomplished his mission as the King of Kings by defeating sin, Satan and death.
1 Samuel 16:7b
The LORD does not look at the things people look at. People look at the outward appearance, but the LORD looks at the heart.
God’s People in God’s Place (Awesome Cutlery) – YouTube
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