Term 2 – Week 01
Big Idea – God appointed Paul to share the gospel (good news!) with the Gentiles, so they might follow Jesus.
- To know the identity of Paul, i.e. who he is and what God has called him to do.
- To understand the content of the gospel i.e. that Jesus Christ is Lord.
- To appreciate what it means to follow Jesus i.e. obedience (to Jesus, for Jesus) that comes from faith.
- Belief (Head / Heart) – Confessing “Jesus Christ is Lord” = Believing the gospel & following Jesus.
- Do we believe this gospel? Is Paul’s confession also our confession?
- Behaviour (Hands) – Paul says obedience comes from faith, so to follow Jesus is to trust and obey him.
- What does obedience look like in our lives?
- Is our behaviour different from my friends at school? How can we be different?
Romans begins in typical ancient letter fashion with a simple identification of the sender, the recipients and a greeting.
The Sender (vv.1-6)
Paul introduces himself to the Roman Christians by defining himself with respect to his Lord (a servant of Christ Jesus), his office (called to be an apostle), and his ministry (set apart for the gospel of God) (v.1).
What is this gospel for which he’s been set apart?
- The gospel he promised beforehand through his prophets in the Holy Scriptures (v.2). The gospel is the fulfillment of the OT and goal of salvation history.
- Regarding his Son (v.3a). The gospel is about the person Jesus Christ, God Son. it’s not about ourselves.
- Who as to his earthly lifewas a descendant of David,and who through the Spirit of holiness was appointed the Son of God in powerby his resurrection from the dead (vv.3b-4a). Who is Jesus? In the time before his resurrection, he is the one born of Davidic descent, the promised Messiah, but in humility is clothed in flesh. In the time after his resurrection, he is declared to be the Son of God in power through the Spirit of holiness.
- Jesus Christ our Lord (v.4b). Ultimately, what is the gospel? It’s the confession that Jesus Christ is Lord.
What is Paul’s commission?
To share the good news of gospel with the gentiles, so that they might follow Him.
Paul’s apostleship was not a matter of self-appointment, but rather an act of God’s grace and unmerited generosity towards him (v.5a). He was divinely commissioned by God, to call all the Gentiles to the obedience that comes from faith(v.5b), so that the name of Jesus might be honoured (v.5c). The Christians in Rome are included among those Gentiles (v.6). This is why he can write a letter with authority to a church he has never met before but intends to visit. The Romans belong to the sphere of ministry to which God has assigned to him.
The recipients (v.7a)
Paul describes the Roman Christians as loved by God and called to be saints. Fundamentally they have been loved by God, a love which in light of the rest of the letter (e.g., Romans 5:8-10), can only be understood in terms of the gospel for which Paul has been set apart. At the same, time they have also been called to be saints; a word that has the dual notion of being set apart, and of holiness.
The Greeting (v.7b) The greeting is typical of Paul: grace and peace, both of which come from God our Father and from the Lord Jesus Christ. Paul’s understanding of the God whom he serves reflects the earlier teaching of Jesus in the Lord’s prayer. Fundamentally, God is the Father of the Lord Jesus Christ, yet remarkably, in the gospel of the Lord Jesus Christ, his Father becomes our Father as well (Romans 8)
For I am not ashamed of the gospel, because it is the power of God that brings salvation to everyone who believes: first to the Jew, then to the Gentile. For in the gospel the righteousness of God is revealed – a righteousness that is by faith from first to last, just as it is written: ‘The righteous will live by faith.’
This is the Gospel (Colin Buchanan) – YouTube
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